Steven Wailand v. City of Macomb

The protection of fair elections means protecting the idea that the person with the most votes wins.

Most people understand that the person who gets the most votes in an election is the winner.  But city officials in Macomb, Illinois, did not seem to understand that when Western Illinois University student, Steven Wailand, received the most votes for a Second Ward Alderman seat in February 2013.

Although Mr. Wailand received 17 of the 33 votes cast in that election – or 51.52 percent of the vote – the City refused to recognize him as the winner and instead scheduled a runoff election between him and the incumbent, who had come in second in the February election. The City did this even though Macomb’s governing City code states that the candidate who receives a “majority” of votes wins. The City claimed that its definition of “majority” requires a candidate to win “50 percent plus one vote” – not just more than half.

But the City’s purported definition of “majority” could not actually be found anywhere: not in any local or state law, rule or regulation. To the contrary, dictionaries and court decisions all recognize that “majority” simply means “more than half.”

So the Liberty Justice Center stepped in on Mr. Wailand’s behalf and took this case to court — and won.

First LJC sought and received a temporary restraining order to prevent the City from seating anyone other than Steven, the winner. And then McDonough County Judge Rodney Clark issued a final decision upholding Steven’s victory, declaring that that it is “not logical to have a person receive more than 50 percent of the vote but yet, not be the winner. This is not how America decides who should be elected.” Judge Clark ordered the Macomb City Clerk to notify Steven that he was elected to the office of Second Ward Alderman and to administer the oath of office to him at the May 2013 City Council meeting.


Jacob Huebert

Jacob Huebert

Jacob Huebert serves as the president of the Liberty Justice Center. He previously served as the Liberty Justice Center’s Director of Litigation. In that role, he successfully litigated cases to protect economic liberty, free speech and other constitutional rights. Jacob and his work have appeared in numerous national media outlets, including the Wall Street JournalNew York Times and Fox News Channel.

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Case Documents

March 30, 2013
April 4, 2013
April 26, 2013



Steven Wailand v. City of Macomb


March 30, 2013


Circuit Court of the Ninth Judicial Circuit McDonough County, Illinois




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