Legal Newsline

Lawsuit: Tennessee Illegally Closes State Judges’ Meetings to Public and Press

June 13, 2022

(Legal Newsline)—A Tennessee state judiciary official faces a federal lawsuit for allegedly violating the First Amendment by closing meetings of state court judges to the public and press.

At the Tennessee Judicial Conference meetings, state court judges and Conference committees discuss guidelines on state court policies and rules and recommend legislation that directly affect how Tennesseans are governed in the courtroom.

In the interest of transparent and open government, Dan McCaleb, executive editor of The Center Square, a newswire service and news website, is suing to reverse the blanket closure policy and allow in-person and virtual access to future meetings.

McCaleb is represented by attorneys at the Liberty Justice Center, a national, nonprofit law firm dedicated to protecting fundamental constitutional rights, including the freedom of the press provided by the First Amendment.

Director of Tennessee Administrative Office of the Courts Michelle Long is being sued over the policy she issued in February 2022 formally closing the Conference meetings.

Attorneys from the Liberty Justice Center have requested an emergency hearing to block enforcement of the policy ahead of the judges’ June meeting in Franklin and metropolitan Nashville.

“Freedom of the press is fundamental to our democracy and blocking reporters from covering judicial proceedings is illegal,” said Buck Dougherty, senior attorney at the Liberty Justice Center. “It is in the interest of all Tennesseans that meetings where state court judges set rules, guidelines, and state court policies be open to the public and press. Drafting rules and policies behind closed doors on how citizens are governed in the courtroom violates the U.S. Constitution.”

The exact dates of the Judicial Conference are no longer made public due to the February 2022 policy.

The Tennessee Judicial Conference was created by the state’s General Assembly to require state judges to meet annually and deliberate on state court policy. The conference’s federal equivalent, the Judicial Conference of the United States, has allowed public access to committee meetings on proposed rules of practice, procedure, and evidence for nearly 34 years.

McCaleb is a veteran journalist with more than 25 years of experience. Under his leadership, The Center Square reports on state- and local-level government and economic issues across the country, including in Tennessee. If the Tennessee Judicial Conference were open to the press, his reporters would cover the proceedings and their impact on Tennesseans.

“Banning the press from observing the meetings and providing information to the public is wrong and undermines democratic government,” said McCaleb, plaintiff and executive editor of The Center Square. “This conference is funded by taxpayers and the decisions made there will directly affect them. Tennesseans should be asking why state judges need to meet in secret and keep them in the dark.”